Stages of Mono

July 20, 2022

There are three very distinct stages of mono that can all impact a patient differently. In 90% of cases, mono is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. There is also a chance of getting the virus that causes mono but not actually getting mono. AFC Urgent Care Stoneham is here to help diagnose your symptoms and provide the best recommendations for treatment.

Mono can cause painful symptoms, so you want medical care when you need it. AFC Stoneham provides urgent care services seven days a week. We’re here for your convenience! Visit us when you’re feeling under the weather, with no appointment needed.

 

Prodrome Stage

The first stage of mono is known as the prodrome stage. This is where symptoms first begin. Symptoms of mono may not show up for four to six months after infection. This incubation period makes it difficult to know when the infection actually started.

Symptoms that occur during this phase lasts from three to five days and include:

  • Sore throat
  • Fatigue
  • Low or no appetite
  • Generally feeling “off.”

It’s also possible to be in the first stage and not show symptoms at all. This is common for children under the age of 10.

 

Acute Phase

In the second phase of mono, symptoms often get worse. Acute phase symptoms include:

  • Fever
  • Inflammation of the lymph nodes
  • Sore throat
  • Headache
  • Swelling of the liver or spleen

It’s possible to suffer from spleen or liver damage when dealing with a severe case of mono. Jaundice, encephalitis, pleural effusion, or peritonsillar abscess are other more severe but rare conditions that can occur with mono.

 

Convalescent Phase

The final stage of mono is considered the recovery phase. Most symptoms are gone during the convalescent phase, but you may still feel tired or weak. This phase can last up to six months, so it’s important to avoid any contact sports, as the spleen may still be enlarged.

 

Treating Mono

There isn’t a vaccine or medication used to cure mono. It is caused by a virus, so the only thing patients can do is wait it out and manage their symptoms. The best way to recover quickly is by giving your body plenty of time to rest. Pain medication can be used to help reduce fever and manage pain, but be cautious when using acetaminophen, as this can further harm the liver.

If you’re suffering from severe symptoms of mono, it may be best to visit a medical provider. Prescription steroids can be used to help with pain and inflammation. 

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