Most Common Types of Infectious Diseases in the United States
Chlamydia - Sexually transmitted disease that can cause serious damage to a woman’s reproductive system. Chlamydia is a bacterial infection that is cured by taking antibiotics.
Common Cold - Viral infection of the nose and throat that results in runny nose, sneezing and congestion.
Escherichia coli (E. Coli) - Some strains of this bacteria can cause severe diarrhea, UTI’s, and pneumonia.
Gonorrhea - Bacterial infection that attacks the mucous membranes of the reproductive tract of men and women. Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease.
Hepatitis C - This liver infection is caused by a virus and is spread through contact with contaminated blood. Chronic Hepatitis C can result in cirrhosis and liver cancer.
Herpes Simplex 1 - Virus that usually causes sores around the mouth and lips.
Herpes Simplex 2 - Viral infection that mostly causes sores in areas below the waist.
HIV - Virus that attacks the human immune system and currently has no cure. This virus is transmitted through contact with certain bodily fluids.
Influenza A & B - Also known as the flu and is a viral respiratory illness.
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) - Caused by a type of Staph bacteria that has become resistant to antibiotics. These staff infections of the skin/tissues can become MRSA.
Mosquito-borne infections (West Nile virus) - Mosquito transmitted virus that usually presents itself as a fever and headache. Less than 1% of infected people have serious neurological symptoms.
Norovirus - Virus that is highly contagious and commonly spread through food or water that is contaminated or through close contact with others who have the virus. Norovirus can cause diarrhea, stomach pain and vomiting.
Pertussis (Whooping Cough) - Contagious disease caused by a bacteria called Bordetella pertussis. Recovery from Whooping Cough can take up to three months.
Pneumonia - Infection of the lungs caused by bacteria, fungi or viruses. General symptoms might include trouble breathing, fever and chest pain.
Salmonella - Usually transmitted due of the consumption of raw or undercooked meat, egg products or poultry resulting in stomach flu.
Shigellosis - Spread through contaminated water and food, this bacterial infection irritates the intestines and usually causes diarrhea.
Syphilis - Bacterial infection spread by sexual contact. It is spread from person to person via skin or contact with these sores.
Staphylococcus (Staph) - Staph bacteria can spread through cuts, abrasions and close contact. Staph infections can spread by razors and in locker room equipment.
Tick-borne infections (Lyme disease) - The infection is caused by a deer tick bite. Bacteria from the bite makes its way into your bloodstream.
Tuberculosis - Caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria usually attacks the lungs but can also attack other parts of the body.
Get Infectious Disease Treatment and Prevention at Urgent Care Near You
AFC Urgent Care in Sarasota is a state-of-the-art medical center with compassionate staff and top-notch equipment. With deep expertise, you can count on AFC Urgent Care to minimize your infectious disease symptoms. Schedule your appointment online today!
Urgent care is for medical conditions that require prompt attention but do not pose an immediate threat to your health or life. Here is a simple rule of thumb: if your medical issues(s) are life threatening, call 911, or go directly to a hospital emergency room. If not, an urgent care center such as AFC is an excellent alternative.