Sinus infection FAQs for patients

October 18, 2020

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How annoying is it when you must carry a hankie or tissue paper 24/7 because you never know your nose starts dripping like a leaking pipe? There could be various reasons for this dilemma; however, one of the main reasons is ‘sinus.’

If you experience this or know someone who does, you will be having tons of questions wrapped around your head.  We have compiled the FAQs asked by patients to familiarize you with what the sinus does to your nose and overall health.

What Exactly is Sinusitis?

Sinusitis, also known as rhinosinusitis or sinusitis in the medical world, is an inflammation of the sinus, usually caused by a bacterial infection, fungi molds, or viruses.

Having a cold or any sort of allergy would block up the airways infested with bacteria-filled mucus. The bacteria then multiply, thus causing the sinus infection.

Where are the Sinus Air-Filled Cavities Located?

The cavities are present in:

  • Inside the cheekbones
  • Behind the eyebrows or forehead
  • Can be on any one side of the bridge of the nose
  • Directly in front of the brain

Who is Most at Risk?

Sinus infection can be common in people who have weak immune systems. It is common in people with either a deviated septum or those who have nasal polyps.

Children can also receive an infection with sinusitis, especially those who are school-going as they share a drink from a bottle or use a pacifier.

Smoking and second-hand smoke can also be one of the causes of sinusitis in adults and children. Here, smoke causes severe irritation in the nasal passage.

What are the Symptoms?

These are the common symptoms of a sinus infection:

  • Discolored nasal discharge (greenish)
  • Frontal headaches
  • Coughing
  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Bad Breath
  • Face Tenderness, mostly under eyes or at the nose bridge
  • Toothaches
  • Nasal stuffiness or congestion
  • Postnasal drip

How to Treat a Sinus Infection?

You can treat it by using:

  • Antibiotics
  • Nasal decongestion spray
  • Antihistamines
  • Nasal decongestants and antihistamines
  • Topical nasal corticosteroids
  • Nasal saline washes

Worst case scenario, you would have to undergo nose surgery.

Causes?

Usually, sinus results from dust mites, pets, pollens, carpets, or anything that has fur.

Try keeping yourself away from any of these to prevent it from aggravating.

When Should You Be Alarmed?

It is quite problematic if the sinus cavity is directly in front of the brain. If you take it lightly, it can be fatal by spreading to the brain and must require immediate medical attention. Visit an urgent care center to know more about your sinus illness if you are experiencing any symptoms.

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